Zika is a virus that typically causes mild illness for a few days. Usually people who are infected do not develop any symptoms and do not know that they have been infected. However, Zika virus infection can be very dangerous for pregnant women for it may cause congenital defects to the fetus. Zika virus is primarily spread through the bite of an infected mosquito.
Brazil has also a high rate of dengue fever cases. Southeast, Northeast and Midwest are the most affected areas. The symptoms are similar to the flu (fever, muscle aches, headaches). It is advised not to take aspirin for it can enhance your symptoms. Dengue fever also spreads through the bite of an infected mosquito.
Yellow fever vaccination is obligatory for travelers coming to Brazil from the following regions or countries: French Guiana, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela. The original vaccination certificate is required.
In Brazil, crime is a constant threat to all citizens. Foreign tourists are victims of theft, sometimes by violence, and in other cases by the threat of firearms. It is important to exercise caution when visiting the country:
- Be aware of your surroundings;
- Avoid displaying signs of wealth, such as jewelry and electronic equipment.
- Do not resist any robbery attempt.