The history of the diplomatic relations between the United Arab Emirates and the Federal Republic of Germany goes back to 1972. In April 2004 a strategic partnership between both countries has begun while in January 2009 it has been agreed upon by both countries for regular political negotiations to be held by their respective ministers of foreign Affairs. At the same time the governments of both countries announced their aspiration to deepen their political cooperation to a much broader level.
Over the past few years there have been several official state visits by leaders from both countries to one another. In January 2014 and in August 2015 His Highness Sheikh Abdallah bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of the UAE, has visited Germany to hold talks with his then counterpart His Excellency Mr. Frank-Walter Steinmeier, Minister of foreign Affairs of Germany.
Mr. Steinmeier later visited the UAE in March 2016 to hold talks with the His Highness Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces and His Highness Sheikh Abdallah bin Zayed Al Nahyan Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation. In May 2016 the German Chancellor Her Excellency Ms. Angela Merkel welcomed His Highness Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed in Berlin. Political talks between Deputy Ministers from both countries have been held in Berlin in June 2013, April 2015 and June 2016.
There is political cooperation between both countries in regards to several international issues; such as the "Friends of Syria Group" where both countries head the "Reconstruction and Development Group" as well as the "Reconstruction of Syria Group". The UAE and Germany also share the leadership of the workshop titled "Peace establishment: Combating ISIS terrorist organization".
There are several German institutional branches and offices in Abu Dhabi and Dubai. The German Academic Exchange Service [DAAD] and the Goethe Institute have both set up their headquarters for the GCC area in the UAE. Not to mention, there are several cooperation projects between Higher Education Institutions of both countries; for instance the German-UAE College of Logistics [GUCL] was inaugurated in 2012. In the same year a program of academic grants and scholarships for UAE students willing to peruse their higher education in Germany has been established by the German Academic Exchange Service [DAAD] and the UAE Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research.
The Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi organized jointly with the German Embassy, the German Emirati Joint Council of Industry and Commerce (AHK) and the Goethe-Institute Gulf Region a networking event with German business representatives in the framework of the "UAE Youth Ambassadors Program" (www.uaeyap.ae). The students had the opportunity to build first contacts with German companies regarding future internship possibilities.
Germany is considered as the main economic powerhouse of Europe due to the high complex Economy and the exceptionally high quality of its manufacturing and service industries. Germany is able to maintain massive trade relations within the European Union as well as internationally with the rest of world due to its superior technological prowess and high economic utility. The United States of America is Germany's largest trading partner with a total Foreign Direct Investment [FDI] of $363 billion and a total trade volume of $174 billion (2015).
The United Arab Emirates is Germany's largest trade partner in the Middle East and North Africa [MENA] region with a total trade volume in 2015 of 15.52 billion euro. Germany's most important exports to the UAE are cars, machinery, electronic and chemical products. The UAE's most important exports to Germany are aluminum and chemical products. Germany does not import oil from the UAE.
UAE Exports to Germany
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UAE Imports from Germany
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UAE-German Trade Volume
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UAE-German Trade Volume (in million Euro)
As for German investments in the UAE, there are more than 900 established German companies in the UAE, most of which are based in two biggest Emirates of Abu Dhabi and Dubai. On the other hand,"Globalfoundries" is the biggest Emirati Company in Germany and it specializes in telecommunication and electronics, and electronic chip manufacturing. The company is based in Dresden, Germany. Etihad Airways, the national Emirati Carrier, own 29.9% of Air Berlin which is the second largest German airline after the German national carrier Lufthansa.
The UAE and Germany signed several bilateral economic agreements; most notably the Air Service Agreement, Bilateral Investment Treaties [BTI's] to encourage and protect investments as well as the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement [DTAA] which has been ratified by both countries in 2011